In addition, offenders convicted of a sex offense on or after that date, or sentenced to probation, local jail, or state prison after that date, must register upon returning to the community. Furthermore, offenders who establish residence in New York State but were convicted in other jurisdictions e. Any offender who has moved to New York from another state or country must register with the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services no later than 10 days after moving. There are three levels, based upon an offender's risk of committing another sex crime and harm to the community: Level 1 low , Level 2 moderate , and Level 3 high. As a general rule, the sentencing court will determine an offender's risk level at the time of sentencing in probation cases or at the time of release from custody in jail or prison cases.
Sexual Offender Laws and Prevention of Sexual Violence or Recidivism
Sex offender - Wikipedia
A sex offender registry is a system in various countries designed to allow government authorities to keep track of the activities of sex offenders , including those who have completed their criminal sentences. In some jurisdictions, registration is accompanied by residential address notification requirements. In many jurisdictions, registered sex offenders are subject to additional restrictions, including on housing. Those on parole or probation may be subject to restrictions that do not apply to other parolees or probationers. Sometimes, these include or have been proposed to include restrictions on being in the presence of underage persons under the age of majority , living in proximity to a school or day care center, owning toys or items targeted towards children, or using the Internet. Registered sex offenders are not allowed to sign up for or use Facebook or other social media platforms. The United States is the only country with a registry that is publicly accessible; all other countries in the English-speaking world have sex offender registries only accessible by law enforcement.
Frequently Asked Questions: New York State’s Sex Offender Registry
Governments have an obligation to protect people and take appropriate steps to safeguard the lives of those within its jurisdiction to protect them from violence. One element of that duty is to take measures to deter and prevent crime. Sex offender laws interfere with a panoply of protected rights: the rights to privacy, to family and home, to freedom of movement and liberty including the right to work and to reside where one chooses , and to physical safety and integrity including protection from harm by private as well as public actors. But laws that infringe upon them must be necessary to serve a legitimate public interest, the relationship between the interest and the means chosen to advance it must be a close one, and the laws must be the least restrictive possible.
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